STYLISTIC FOREGROUNDING. Definitions and concepts. • Foreground is a term usually used in art, having opposite meaning to background. • It’s a very. The theory of FOREGROUNDING is probably the most important theory within Stylistic Analysis, and foregrounding analysis is arguably the most important part . Foregrounding, in poetry is a way to make it stand out from ordinary writing. Foregrounding is when you manipulate words or sentences to be put in such a way.

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Views Read Edit View history. To sum up, we can say that: There are two main types of foregrounding: This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen as unexpected irregularity. The other words are in lower case, but they are capitalised. The words ‘ foreground ‘ and ‘ foregrounding ‘ are themselves foregrounded in the previous paragraph.

They have the same overall grammatical structure grammatical parallelism and some of the words are repeated in identical syntactic locations.

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Another way is to introduce extra linguistic patterning into a text. Something can only be unexpectedly regular or irregular within a particular context. In addition, there is secondary deviation in that the penultimate line is unexpectedly different from the rest of the poem.


One way to produce foregrounding in a text, then, is through linguistic deviation. Foregrounding is the practice of making something stand out from the surrounding words or images.

Ling , Topic 3 (session A)

Nursery rhymesadverts and slogans often exhibit parallelism in the form of repetition and rhymebut parallelism can also occur over longer texts. For example, the last line of a poem with a consistent metre may be foregrounded by changing the number of syllables it contains. Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June In the forgerounding poem by E. Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation:. The most common way of introducing this extra patterning is by repeating linguistic structures more often than we would normally expect to make parts of texts PARALLEL with one another.

Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation: They stand out perceptually as a consequence of the fact that they DEVIATE graphologically from the text which surrounds them in a number of ways.

You may find it helpful, after you have found out more about these topics, to revisit those earlier parts of this website and think about them in terms of foregrounding theory. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the immediate textual surroundings referred to as a ‘secondary norm’ [5] or wider such as an entire genre referred to as a ‘primary norm’ [6]. Foregrounding can occur on all levels of language [8] phonologygraphologymorphologylexissyntaxsemantics and pragmatics.


By using this foreegrounding, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This would be an example of a deviation from a secondary norm. Firstly, most of the poem deviates from ‘normal’ language primary deviation. The other words are black but they are multi colour ed.

For example, jokes are often built on a mixture of parallelism and deviation. Note that lots of the things we explored in terms of special meanings and effects in the analysis of particular styllistics and textual extracts in Topics 1 and 2 can be re-cast in terms of deviation, parallelism and foregrounding.

They often consist of three parts or characters.

The first two are very similar parallelism and the third one starts out as similar, but our expectations are thwarted when it turns out different in end deviation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Prague School and Theories of Structure p. The other words are visually stable but they are irregular.