La entrevista motivacional como herramienta para el fomento de cambios en el estilo de vida de personas con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles sergio. such as motivational interviewing (Gantiva & Flórez, in press; Lizarraga & Ayarra, ; . Entrevista motivacional en consumidores excesivos de alcohol: . Free Online Library: Eficacia de la entrevista motivacional para promover la caracteristicas denominada entrevista motivacional (EM) (Lizarraga & Ayarra.

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The highest level of emotional response occurs with the onset of the event and, as long as there is temporal incertitude, the higher the possibility of preparation for coping or -alternatively- of incubation of anxiety will be, depending on the quality of the accomplished appraisal. A CS demands coping, which is why the person is faced with the need to find alternatives of action; this quest for alternatives is pressing, particularly when the interpretation of threat brings about anxiety, or the interpretation of challenge generates a challenge perception, stimulating in both cases the search for avoidance responses that prevent the worsening of harm or the influx of new harms additional to the one already experienced by the person.

Dual Parallel Process in Crisis Situations: Personal beliefs that situations can be modified as a result of personal actions or that, on the contrary, they are subject to determination by entrevosta forces escaping the control exerted by oneself; this factor is what Rotter, calls locus of control. Field theory in social science: How to cite this article.

Duration entrevsta to the time during which the event originating the crisis continues. This coping demand is also subject to cognitive processing by the person, by means of representations proper to a secondary appraisal process. This emotional reaction in the face of which the individual cannot contemplate efficient options of personal management, requires the implementation of priority attention, or special emergency intervention, occasionally called crisis interventionbut which is in reality an urgency intervention to the aggravation of the crisis caused by the emotional reaction of intense suffering, which the person interprets as an inescapable and unavoidable event.

In any CS motivacionall probability that the available information will generate incertitude in the person increases; in such a case, the role of entrevksta ambiguity is mediated by subjective interpretations, with which the function of personal entrevosta becomes lizarraba significant in the determination of the course that coping will take. When incertitude increases, of course, the confusion in appraisal increases whereas adaptation decreases. Confusion in the decision-making process for coping with the CS generating event, as a natural consequence of the above mentioned alterations.

The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology48, Evidences for the transcultural origin of emotion]. The cognitive appraisal is also analyzed as a dual process in which the intermediary variables that support it are established: Having these assessment instruments will make it possible to establish how appropriate DPP-CS is as an explanatory model of what occurs during mltivacional CS.


Such a motivational restructuring might either assume a maladaptive path, becoming then a means of deepening the harm associated with the CSor a means of adaptation and construction of a new situation, assuming the opportunity characteristics that a number of Chinese proverbs refer to regarding crises.

Dual Parallel Process in Crisis Situations: Motivational Foundation

Simplicity is a property referring to the required conditions for the implementation of the solution, and refers to the intentions of implementation that, as pointed out by Gollwitzerneed to be plain or simple in order to be potent, regardless of the objective situational ambiguity.

Four different aspects in the analysis of secondary appraisal need to be differentiated, which have been the subject of study within cognitive theories of expectancy-value and social learning: These are aspects of temporal parameter referring to the temporal imminence, duration, and incertitude. Stress, appraisal and coping. The chronology of the events influences considerably the commitment a person has to the particular event occurring in a CS. An issue to which there is seemingly no final answer is that related to the temporal relations between efficacy expectations and self-efficacy expectations as factors determining whether the person would get involved in a particular behavior.

Emotional pain is brought about by a cognitive attitude emphasizing loss, but with a parallel emphasis on hope and on attention to positive remnants in the very zone in which the crisis is produced and in other zones of the vital field.

A property of these emotional cognitive attitudes is that they reduce the thresholds required to produce a specific emotional response. Crisis intervention, even if brief, is broader and more lasting, encompassing all the time and factors inherent to the crisis Slaikeu,whereas emergency intervention is more restricted in time and covers only some selective aspects of the crisis, such as the consequences of acute biological harm, or the behavioral consequences expressed in acts of aggression to others or self-aggression, as in suicide.

Animal models and human cognitive psychophysiology.

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In the present proposal of DPP-CS we adhere to Witte’s view, as will be analyzed later, because this proposal solves some logical and methodological problems that have been stated by previous versions about dual processing and its motivational impact. A favorable consequence of this high extent of commitment and responsibility is that it also leads the person to entrevistta reduce the threat and to maintain entrevusta effort during coping, a central, motivational aspect favoring the impact of an intervention, regardless of how brief it is.

A contradiction is generated as a function of these dynamics, for whose solution the most feasible immediate alternative in a CS is the reduction of incertitude, insofar as the objective harm is a fact which has already occurred and entails little ambiguity, and whose control, in addition to the control of parallel threats, is the main source of personal incertitude and the main goal of situational management.


This refers to the moment in the vital cycle in which an event occurs, in this case a CS. Fear control is conceptualized as a course of defensive actions that is initiated when the severity of harm has a minimum value from which a defensive motivation is produced.

L’ENTREVISTA MOTIVACIONAL by Claudia Garcia Sola on Prezi Next

Some examples of simple implementation intentions in a CS include maintaining job activity, praying, carrying out the triad of self-control, requesting help, emphasizing the lesser evil, and so on.

A total solution to the dieter’s dilemma. Furthermore, other interventions different from crisis intervention can be the most appropriate in cases where the crisis sets the stage for an anxiety disorder e.

It makes more sense to argue that the emotional experience of anger advances the person towards adaptation insofar as it favors the filtering of the situation through a signification of challenge, than to argue that the anger stage is a systematic and necessary antecedent for adaptation. Conditioned responses are often of a negative emotional kind and involve instrumental responses of avoidance and escape.

In the above example, a student who motivaciional a critical situation of the affective sort e.

These questions have answers that are not always clear or which do not refer to real conditions; cognitive biases and heuristics, illusions of control, and cognitive distortions -all of them processes playing a more relevant role in situations of incertitude- might lead to very different routes of appraisal and decision -more or less rational- with an increase in the probability of making mistakes in the decision-making process.

Regarding the role of cognitive appraisal, the viewpoint that we adhere to in the proposal of DPP-CS is that of Lazarus and Folkman a, brelated to the functions of cognitive appraisal in the stress response. Cognitive-behavioral strategies in crisis intervention. Specific beliefs of a scope more restricted to the particular situation around which the crisis occurs involve particular appraisals regarding the magnitude of harm, threats, or challenges, regarding what needs to be done to control the situation, and regarding the personal ability to manage the responses that are judged as efficacious.

Affect, activation and action. Attention is often contaminated by the presence of cognitive distortions, biases, and heuristics which notoriously alter the objectivity of representations about the event cf. It is for this reason that the modification of these beliefs becomes more relevant as a substantial element of motivational intervention, which has the property of being brief in the sense that it is centered on the production of clear and simple coping decisions or intentions, as an initial step in the solution of a complex CS.

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