Building Shapes out of Points, Lines, and Faces. IndexedLineSet example. [ ]. Using Version of the Virtual Reality Modeling Language to: Internet/VRML. Design interactive, 3-D objects and scenes; ISBN Add realistic. A list of all the VRML nodes can also be found in Appendix A. #VRML V utf8 # – a yellow box Shape { geometry Box { } appearance .. Authoring Compelling, Efficient VRML Worlds, a SIGGRAPH 97 course by David.

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With this prototyping mechanism, libaries of commonly used nodes can be created. Finally, the WorldInfo node can be used to provide the VRML world with a title, and include additional information such as copyright details.

The scale field line 78 of the Shuttle’s Transform node is used to reduce the size of the model by one-fifth, so that it can fit on the table top. The material field takes the Material node as its value. Fours identifies it as a VRML 2.

Node names are required when reusing nodes and when defining animations, both of which are described later. The Material node specifies the colour and reflective properties of an object with six fields.

3. Language Details

A Transform node can be a child of another transform, so producing a hierarchy or stack of coordinate transformations. The ImageTexture node has a url field which specifies the location and name of the image file to be applied to the shape. Animation vrmo in a VRML world, when the properties of a node, as defined by its field values are changed.


The Billboard node is a group node, vours automatically rotates its child shapes about a specified axis, so that the same side always faces the viewer. Finally, there is the ElevationGrid geometry node that provides an efficient method for specifying terrain surfaces, using a regular grid of height points. However, the example world does not specify a size for the box, therefore the VRML browser will use the default values for these attributes when it displays the scene.

OpenGL/VRML Materials

By default this is 0. If the Appearance node is left undefined the object will be rendered as pure white. A node field that has an implicit eventIn and eventOut is known as an exposedField.

Finally, there is a SpotLight node that only illuminates objects within a specified cone-shaped space. This is immediately followed by all the veml and routes that form the implementation of the prototype, enclosed within a set of curly brackets.

The Switch node can also be used to group together different versions of an object.

However, there are many more powerful features included in the VRML 2. The Color node contains a list of colours that can be used in conjuction with the Coordinate node, vrnl specify the colour properties of individual vertices, faces, lines or points.

The VRML file which describes this scene is listed below. Program scripts may also communicate with external sources, such as a server or a Java applet in a HTML page. A VRML file can contain any number of Viewpoint nodes, although only one can be in use bound at courw time.

In the example, the Background node is used to specify a simple light blue background colour for the world. In the example, the cycleInterval and loop fields are used to define a 10 second animation that repeats continuously. The Appearance node has three fields, materialtexture and textureTransform.


A collision bounding box can also be specified for a group of objects. The general syntax is: The final object in the scene is a model of the Space Shuttle. For example, the following node defines a box shape 3 units wide, 2 units high and 5 units deep. By default, only the front face is rendered. The rest of a VRML file consists of a list of nodes, each of which contain part of the information that describes the whole scene, for example, it may define a shape or light source or particular properties of an object, such as its colour or coordinates.

The VRML Sourcebook

The FontStyle node is used to specify the characteristics of this text. Simply save the couurs with a. The field name is followed by three values that define the lengths of the sides, parallel to the Courx, Y and Z axes respectively, with the centre of the box at the origin.

The keyValue field specifies four different RGB colours at fractional times 0. The first object is a globe, consisting of a sphere on a base. The following table lists all 54 VRML 2.