LIVROS EM PDF:Obras escogidas De Moto Pela América do Sul Diario del Che en Bolivia Guerra contra el Burocratismo La Guerra de Guerrillas Notas Inéditas . The Life and Death of Che Guevara Jorge G. Castañeda Ernesto Che Guevara , “Contra el burocratismo,” in Guevara, Obra revolucionaria, p. Emesto.
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Treatment must be equitable, and equity, in this context, is not equality; equity is the inequality needed to enable the exploited peoples to attain an acceptable standard of living.
Ernesto Che Guevara – Σελίδα 5 – Ελληνικό Αρχείο Τσε Γκεβάρα © Guevaristas
This same central idea, though in different forms, inspired the small farmers, peasants, and slaves of the eastern estates of Cuba to close ranks and defend together the right to possess land during the thirty-year war of liberation. It is essential always to preserve a strong base of operations and to continue strengthening it during the course of the war.
It is important to emphasize that guerrilla warfare is a war of the masses, a war of the people. In order to strengthen imperialist domination, the establishment of preferential areas has been adopted as a means of exploitation and neocolonial control.
In all such cases, whatever the ideological aims that may inspire the fight, the economic aim is determined by the aspiration toward ownership of land. The struggle of Ho Chi Minh is based in the rice-growing peasants, who are oppressed by the French colonial yoke; with this force it is going forward to the defeat of the colonialists.
On one side we have a group composed of the oppressor and his agents, the professional army, well armed and disciplined, in many cases receiving foreign help as well as the help of the bureaucracy in the employ of the oppressor. Un beso grandote y un gran abrazo de.
We who speak for underdeveloped countries must stress the right on our side; in our case, as a socialist country, we can also speak of the discrimination that is practiced against us, not only by some developed capitalist countries but also by underdeveloped countries, which consciously or otherwise, are serving the interests of the monopoly capital that has taken over basic control of their economy.
Military strategy and tactics are a representation by analysis of the objectives of the groups and of the means of achieving these objectives. All this can be supplemented by the provision of long-term credits for the development of the industries, or branches of industry, we are considering; it must always be borne in mind, however, that certain measures in respect to relations between socialist countries and underdeveloped countries cannot be taken unilaterally.
Cuba affirms that this conference must produce a definition of international trade as an appropriate tool for the speedier economic development of the underdeveloped peoples and of those subjected to discrimination, and that this definition must make for the elimination of all forms of discrimination and all differences, even those emanating from allegedly equal treatment.
This policy, too, is failing, and the question arises whether there is any point in remaining bound to foreign interests which history has condemned, or whether the time has come to break through all the obstacles to trade and expand markets in the socialist area.
The arms of the enemy, his ammunition, his habits must be considered; because the principal source of provision for the guerrilla force is precisely in enemy armaments. It is also possible to have recourse to certain very homogeneous groups, which must have shown their efficacy previously in less dangerous tasks, in order to make use of another of the terrible arms of the guerrilla band, sabotage.
These are subjects which we must deal with at length later on. The only thing missing is support of the people; and, inevitably, these gangs are captured and exterminated by the public force.
People must see clearly the futility of maintaining the fight for social goals within the framework of civil debate. It is our duty to point this out and draw it to the attention of the participants, because so long as this situation persists, and justice remains the tool of a few powerful interests, legal interpretations will continue to be made to suit the convenience of the oppressor powers and it will be difficult to relax the prevailing tension: As these problems were formerly a subject of discussion in Cuba, until facts settled the question, they are probably still much discussed in America.
It should be noted that in current interpretations there are two different types of guerrilla warfare, one of which-a struggle complementing great regular armies such as was the case of the Ukrainian fighters in the Soviet Union-does not enter into this analysis.
In underdeveloped America the countryside is the basic area for armed fighting. Just as the general of a division in a modern war does not have to die in front of his soldiers, the guerrilla fighter, who is general of himself, need not die in every battle. A potato farmer across the stream distinguished a band of bearded, emaciated ghosts carrying guns and rucksacks. If at this egalitarian conference, where all nations can express, through their votes the hopes of their peoples, a solution satisfactory to the majority can be reached, a unique step will have been taken in the history of the world.
El burocratismo, evidentemente, no nace con la sociedad socialista ni es un componente obligado de ella. If all the peoples who live under precarious economic conditions, and who depend on foreign powers for some vital aspects of their economy and for their economic and social structure, are capable of resisting the temptations, offered coldly although in the heat of the moment, and impose a new type of relationship here, mankind will have taken a step forward.
Guerrilla warfare, the basis of the struggle of a people to redeem itself, has diverse characteristics, different facets, even though the essential will for liberation remains the same. It is one of the initial phases of warfare and will develop continuously until the guerrilla army in its steady growth acquires the characteristics of a regular army. There is a clear distribution of spheres of influence between the United States and other developed capitalist powers, embracing the underdeveloped continents, and in some cases, Europe as well.
In contrast with the surging growth of the countries in the socialist camp and the development taking place, albeit much more slowly, in the majority of the capitalist countries, is the unquestionable fact that a large proportion of the so-called underdeveloped countries are in total stagnation, and that in some of them the rate of economic growth is lower than that of population increase.
At this conference, Cuba will express its views from the various stand-points which reflect its special situation in the world, but it will base its analysis on its most important and positive attribute: There is a danger that they may seek to trade through national subsidiaries of the imperialist powers-thus giving the latter the chance of spectacular profits — by claiming that a given burocrxtismo is underdeveloped and therefore entitled to unilateral preferences.
Through the night the troops celebrated their success, guebara the Bolivia High Command in La Paz deliberated about what to do with its legendary captive. These phenomena, which we have analyzed in relation to Latin America, but which are valid for the whole of the dependent world, have the effect of enabling the developed powers to maintain trade conditions that lead to a deterioration in the terms of trade between the dependent countries and the developed countries.
Ce these conditions popular discontent expresses itself in more active forms.
Κατηγορία: Ernesto Che Guevara
All this indicates that the guerrilla fighter will carry out his action in wild places of small population. Furthermore, we must not forget that there are underdeveloped countries in a variety of circumstances and that they maintain a variety of policies toward the socialist camp.
At Punta del Este, however, 2 billion dollars a year was promised. Our task at the moment is to find the basic principles of this kind of fighting and the rules to be followed by peoples seeking liberation; to develop theory from facts; to generalize and give structure to our experience for the profit of others. The guerrilla band is not to be considered inferior to the army against which it fights simply because it is inferior in firepower.
However, this is consequent upon the general strategy of guerrilla warfare, which is the same in its ultimate end as is any warfare: The failure of this policy is by now only too obvious.
Its geographical position indicates it is an underdeveloped country that addresses you, one which has borne the scars of colonialist and imperial exploitation and which knows from bitter experience the subjection of its markets and its entire economy, or what amounts to the same thing, the subjection of its entire governmental machinery to a foreign power. At all relevant points, exact time-limits must be laid down for the completion of the measures decided upon.
Triumph will always be the product of a regular army, even though its origins are in a guerrilla army. Essence of Guerrilla Warfare The armed victory of the Cuban people over the Batista dictatorship was not only the triumph of heroism as reported by the newspapers of the world; it also forced a change in the old dogmas concerning the conduct of the popular masses of Latin America.
When guefara social structure changed and our relations with the socialist camp attained a new level of mutual trust, we did not cease to be underdeveloped, but we established a new type of relationship with the countries in that camp.
On many occasions these same countries demand unilateral preferential treatment from all the developed countries without exception: This ban on trade with Cuba was progressively intensified until on February 3,the late President Kennedy placed an embargo on all United States trade with Cuba. The period that has elapsed since the Havana Charter was signed has been marked by events of undeniable importance in the field of trade and economic development.
At every moment the impression ought to be created that he is surrounded by a complete circle. It is obvious-and writers on the theme have said it many times-that war responds to a certain series of scientific laws; whoever ignores them will go down to defeat.
They place all kinds of obstacles in the way of direct trading with these states. The right of all countries freely to arrange the shipment of their goods by sea or air and to move them freely throughout the world without let or hindrance will be clearly laid down.