Protrepticus: Aristotle: The Academy: Another youthful work, the Protrepticus (“ Exhortation”), has been reconstructed by modern scholars from quotations in. ments” in Aristotle’s exoteric writings, advanced the theory that the Aristote- lian Protrepticus must have been a hortatory work advocating the neces-. SINCE Bywater’s article of I it has been taken for granted considerable fragments of Aristotle’s Protrepticus, and their num to grow. Scholars, while admitting.

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From the Publisher via CrossRef no proxy pdcnet. But later, in EE viii 3, Aristotle holds that the ultimate end for human beings is the contemplation of the god b17; b Sign in Create an account.

Such a fundamental inconsistency would cancel out whatever particular reasons one would have for pursuing philosophical activity. In this case, although the most perfect forms of contemplation would still possess divine objects, contemplation of divine objects would aristotpe mately provide a special sort of cognitive access to boundary markers of the human good. Nevertheless, Protreptlcus argue that Aristotle provides us with clues within the Protrepticus for identifying how the best sort of contemplation can be useful for deriving boundary markers of the human good.

For in allowing contemplation to be useful, Aristotle may appear to deny that contemplation is, after all, an end choiceworthy for the sake of nothing higher. On the threptikon as a craftworker, see Mennff.

From the evidence page, you may find links to critical prortepticus, along with translations and commentaries on the ancient evidence.

Aristotle’s Protrepticus an Attempt at Reconstruction

If we ought to philosophize we ought to philosophize, and if we ought not to philosophize we ought to philosophize; in either case, therefore, we ought to philosophize.


After all, the objects that we contemplate when we engage in this activity are somehow above humanity.

Reciprocity holds between the nutritive and the perceptive powers, but this reciprocity is asymmetric and ordered for the sake of perception. First, immature, but still develop- ing, animals would lack a means for obtaining nutriment in their youth. A Collection of Critical Essays. Altham and Ross Harrison edd. For those wanting to learn more about the philosophical context of Aristotle’s Protrepticusyou may be interested in the unpublished essays ‘The Antidosis of Iamblichus and Aristotle’s Protrepticus ‘ and ‘Protreptic Aspects of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics’.

Views Read Edit View history. This article has no associated abstract. Scott Mcgill – – Classical Quarterly 57 Welcome The Protrepticus was an early work of Aristotle, written while he aristolte still a member of Plato’s Academy, but it soon became one of the most famous works in the whole history of philosophy.

Cambridge University Press The book The works orotrepticus Aristotlep. The University of Chicago Press. Conse- quently, they will grant due weight to their contemplative powers and maintain their non-rational desires under appropriate control.

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Felix M. Cleve, Aristotle: Protrepticus – PhilPapers

Second, mature animals require a perceptive means by which to obtain nutriment lest they perish as well. For Aristotle, perceptive activity is the highest end in the lives of non- rational animals: Yet if con- templation can be useful arjstotle human beings, not by subserving higher ends, but by 17 Higher ends can bear other relations to lower ends besides support. Perishing before they ever attained maturity, they would never get to lead the perceptive life that characterizes fully developed animals.

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Aristotle on Nature and Living Things: Hutchinson and Johnson [5]. The goal of philosophical protreptic is to turn the listener or reader toward philo- sophical activity. Skip to main content. But it is very hard to understand how contemplation, so construed, could be useful for deriving boundary markers of the human good. But since to lack instrumental value for the sake of a higher end is in some sense to be useless, Aristotle thinks that it is rea- sonable for at least some final goods, viz.


Why Should Philosophers Rule?

The Utility of Contemplation in Aristotle’s Protrepticus | Matt Walker –

For an imitation of [what is] not fine cannot be fine, nor [can an imitation of what is not] divine and stable in its nature [be] immortal and stable. Aristotle, Protrepticus a Reconstruction. Unfortunately it was not directly copied in the middle ages and so did not survive in its own manuscript tradition. Aristotle thus wants to say that through exercising contemplation, we some- how come to understand the nature of the human good, i.

Hence, in chapter 10, he exhorts his audience to pursue contemplation on the basis of its utility for guiding our actions. For other works entitled Protrepticus, see Protrepticus. In Classical Archaeology, Vol.

On the contrary, if contemplation is use- less, then it meets at least one of the necessary conditions for being a highest end. Moravcsik – – Garden City, N. In parts 1 and 2, I begin by elucidating the aristocratic defense and the utility argu- ment. Help Center Find new research papers in: